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Publications

Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society

INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS

(Updated February 2014)

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION

HUMAN FACTORS PRIZE INFORMATION
  • HFES is pleased to announce that manuscripts are invited for the 2014 Human Factors Prize, an initiative to encourage the highest-quality submissions to the journal. The winning paper is published in Human Factors, and the author receives a $10,000 cash award. Visit the Human Factors Prize Web site for more information. Submissions for the 2014 Prize may be uploaded to the submission site between April 1 and June 2, 2014.
DOUBLE-BLIND REVIEW OPTION
  • Authors may request a double-blind review (authors' identities are concealed from reviewers) in their cover letter. Authors must remove all information about authors' identities during manuscript submission (e.g., remove author names from title page) and response letters to reviewers, and should not include author biographies with the online submission. If the manuscript is accepted, author biographies may be uploaded with the final production draft.

Note: Click on the headings to open the following sections.

OPEN ACCESS PUBLICATION OPTION
  • Upon final acceptance, authors may choose open access (OA) publication of their work by paying a fee of US$1,500. OA papers are made available free of charge as soon as they are published online. If your work is accepted and you wish to opt for OA publication through SAGE Choice, please contact HFES Senior Managing Editor Steve Stafford, 310/394-1811.

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION
  • Human Factors manuscripts should be prepared according to editorial style and ethical guidelines of the Sixth Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA, 750 First St., NE, Washington, DC 20002; 800/374-2721).
  • All text must be double-spaced with 1-inch margins, and must contain page numbers. Other formatting instructions for text, tables, figures, and references, are included in the Publication Manual.
  • Exceptions to the APA Publication Manual are as follows:
  1. Use a structured abstract. Prepare a structured abstract of no more than 250 words, with information arranged under the following subheadings (include the subheadings in your abstract), with each subheading beginning on a new line. We recognize that these categories may be a bit awkward for review papers or papers that use nontraditional methodologies, such as modeling or naturalistic observation, but we encourage the authors to do their best to adapt to this structure.
    1. Objective
    2. Background
    3. Method
    4. Results
    5. Conclusion
    6. Application (nontheoretical works)—A statement that reflects the practical impact of this work to a broad audience.
    View examples of structured abstracts at (empirical article and review article)
  2. Footnotes are not permitted. Such notes should be incorporated into the text.
  3. Place all figures and tables (with captions) within the manuscript where first mentioned in the text. If accepted, figures, tables, and captions will be placed at end of manuscript according to the APA Publication Manual. Guidelines for figures are explained on the SAGE Figure Guidelines page. Recommendations for presenting data in text, tables, and figures is available in a Human Factors article, "Guidelines for Presenting Quantitative Data in HFES Publications" (Gillan, Wickens, Carswell, & Hollands, 1998).
    Please indicate in your cover letter whether any of your figures must contain color. Authors may be responsible for paying the costs for color. HFES will notify the author of such costs.
  4. Each manuscript should contain the following components, in the following order:
    1. Title page, which contains:
      • Title (25 words maximum)
      • Each author's name and affiliation (institution, city, state, country) — OMIT IF REQUESTING A DOUBLE-BLIND REVIEW
      • Running head
      • Manuscript category
      • Exact word count of text (not including title page, abstract, biographies), and references
      • Acknowledgments (including contact information for corresponding author). If applicable, list funding sources and other pertinent disclosures. If no such acknowledgments are present in the initial submission, HFES will assume that no disclosures are necessary.
    2. Abstract page, which contains:
      • Structured abstract
      • Up to 5 keywords (exclude words that already appear in the title). The importance of keywords to authors finding your article, and tips for choosing keywords, can be found at SAGE Publications.
      • Précis: a 50-word description (in 1-3 sentences) of the manuscript, which will appear in the Table of Contents below the title and authorship information
    3. Main body of paper.
      NEW! Please note that all manuscripts must contain an explicit and clear discussion of the study's practical implications. (If applicable, state explicit design recommendations or principles).
    4. Key points: A list of key points in bullet form, inserted prior to the References list
    5. References (in APA style of hanging indent)
    6. Biographies: For each author, indicate the current affiliation and highest degree obtained (field, year obtained, institution).

PERMISSIONS
  • When quoting more than 150 words from another source, or using a table or figure from another source, it is necessary to obtain written permission from the copyright holder of that source. In the case of adaptations of tables and figures drawn from other sources, written permission must be obtained if more than 40% of the original material is used in the adapted table/figure. Following acceptance of your manuscript, submit permission letters to HFES when the final production-ready manuscript is ready for uploading.
  • Additional guidance about reprint/reuse permission may be found at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav.

MANUSCRIPT TYPES, AND LENGTH LIMITS (based on Microsoft Word's word count feature)
  • Research Article. Research articles represent the most common type of contribution to Human Factors. These articles report previously unpublished original research that is experimental (field or laboratory based), methodological, or theoretical in nature. These articles report a single experiment or concept that is fully developed and includes a statistical analysis (when appropriate). This mechanism is not appropriate for the reporting of preliminary or pilot data. Research article submissions are limited to 4,500 words, excluding the abstract, key points, tables, and references. Figures and tables are encouraged to enhance information transfer and effective communication.
  • Extended Multi-Phase Study. Multi-phase studies report on a sequence or series of closely related original studies that are best discussed collectively instead of through multiple original articles. Research approaches encompassed in such a series of studies could include more than one experiment or a mixture of experiments, observational studies, modeling, surveys, ethnographic studies, and so on. The series must have a theoretical underpinning that makes its inclusion in the same report a logical progression. This mechanism is not appropriate for single-experiment or single-model reporting, nor is it an appropriate mechanism for reporting pilot study results along with a single experiment. Each component (experiment) of the sequence of studies must be able to be statistically evaluated independently. Multi-experiment series are limited to 4,500 words plus 3,000 words for each experiment (or model) beyond the first experiment, excluding the abstract, key points, tables, and references. (Thus, a two-experiment series should not exceed 7,500 words, a three-experiment series should not exceed 10,500 words, etc.) Figures and tables are encouraged when they can enhance information transfer and effective communication.
  • Invited Review Article. Review articles present a synthesis of previously published work on a specific topic of interest to the human factors/ergonomics community. These articles are intended to scientifically analyze a body of literature and synthesize the information in an original manner. Review articles must provide an original perspective on the literature, not merely a summary but an extension of knowledge on a topic. Review articles are typically solicited by invitation. Those interested in submitting a review article should contact Reviews Associate Editor Robert Radwin prior to submission.
  • Brief Report. Brief reports are intended to report initial observations in a timely manner, new and unique interpretations of previously published data, simple new techniques or new methodological approaches, or points of historical interest. Although such reports would not be expected to have large databases associated with them, they are expected to have adequate data sample sizes to demonstrate statistical significance. This is intended to be a rapid-communication mechanism for emerging ideas. Brief reports are limited to 1,500 words, excluding abstract, key words, tables, and references.
  • Special Issue/Section Articles. Papers for consideration in a special section or issue should be submitted to Editor-in-Chief Patricia DeLucia. View the guidelines for special issues/sections.
Supplementary Materials. Human Factors can accommodate the online publication of supplementary materials for accepted papers, such as data sets, multimedia files (not static PowerPoint presentation-type slides), and lengthy tables and figures. To inquire about the possibility of publishing an online supplement to your accepted paper, contact Editor-in-Chief Patricia DeLucia.

MANUSCRIPTS BASED ON PROCEEDINGS PAPERS
  • Suitably revised papers printed in the proceedings of technical meetings may be submitted for consideration. In the cover letter, explain how the paper being submitted for consideration in Human Factors differs from the proceedings paper, and attach a copy of the proceedings paper on the submission portal.

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