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Ergonomics in Design Instructions for Authors

Ergonomics in Design: The Quarterly of Human Factors Applications is a peer-reviewed publication that provides information on the applications and practice of human factors/ergonomics and informs readers about the contributions that professionals in this field make to improve the design of any system, tool, environment, or product with which people interact. EID was conceived for the profession as a "platform upon which we can effectively communicate our problems, solutions, opinions, and ideas - not only among ourselves but, more important, to our clients, our customers, and our colleagues in allied professions." (Daryle Jean Gardner-Bonneau, 2nd Editor).

Published issues of Ergonomics In Design are available online. In the very near future, the online version of EID will contain easy searchability and linked references. HFES members receive the publication free in either paper or online form. Join HFES for this member benefit or subscribe as a nonmember.


Ergonomics in Design has an international audience consisting of the members of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, members of scientific organizations with an interest in the human factors field, and professionals working in industry and government agencies. Your article will reach a large and diverse readership in an attractive, well-respected, peer-reviewed publication.


We invite original articles describing how human factors/ergonomics principles are applied in all aspects of the profession including, system or product design, simulation, testing, training, operation, maintenance or management. Citing key references to the literature in the articles provides the efficacy of the information for industry and becomes a valuable resource for the practitioner. While we promote an accessible style for a wide audience that is non-traditional for a peer-reviewed journal, we still look for articles that are grounded in the science and also contribute and provide value to the profession.

We welcome many formats to foster an exchange of ideas and to assist the practitioner to grow and keep current, and the researcher to identify knowledge gaps. We aim to translate the research to practice and illustrate the applications of the HF/E field.

If you are not certain that the subject matter of your submission is applicable for Ergonomics In Design, feel free to send an inquiry, along with the paper title and abstract, to the editor.


The following types of papers may be submitted.

Feature articles, long and short. Feature articles can convey interesting directions of research, new methodologies, practical adaptations of a method, anecdotal lessons gathered in the field, HF/E opportunities in a design, system or job, case studies that demonstrate how HF/E can help an industry, interviews providing insight and debate, practical guidelines based on summaries of the literature, and experiences on integrating HF/E in design, just to name a few.

To meet the needs of a broad audience emphasize the implications and possible generalizability of your findings or message to other systems or tools. Relate the information in your article to core published literature and provide the main references.

Long articles are limited to 3,000 words (about 6-14 double-spaced typed pages), excluding the abstract, key points, text in tables, and references (see below). Figures and tables are encouraged to enhance information transfer and effective communication. Short articles have a maximum of 1,500 words.

We encourage you to also consider including these with your article:

Sidebars. To keep articles focused, sidebars can be submitted to provide additional information to support the article, for example, the use of an unusual piece of technology or method may be described in more detail in a sidebar. Please add sidebar information to the end of your manuscript. Ergonomics in Design also offers online links to supplemental information that might support an article, which otherwise would be too difficult to print or would make the article too long.

Research Digest. Related articles published by HFES that complement your article can be sent for possible inclusion as a digest review. Please add these specific references to the end of your manuscript, separate from the main reference list, and identified for the Research Digest.

In addition to feature articles, a number of columns appear regularly in each issue. Submissions to these columns are also welcomed:

Views. This section contains brief opinion and perspective pieces on issues of relevance to human factors/ergonomics professionals. Topics may address professional issues, such as ethics and certification, and can be brief thought-provoking pieces or responses to previously published comments.

Letters. This section may be a single response or a series of letters to the editor or discussing a topic or paper.

Laws & Rules. Content here covers basic HF/E principles or provides refreshers and illustrations of core items, laws, or scientific concepts in HF/E. Article length is a maximum of 1,500 words. Please contact the Laws & Rules editor.

Software and Technology. This section includes independent reviews and discussions about software and technology of potential interest to the reader.

Books. Suggestions for books to review and/or reviews of books are welcome to be published here. To avoid redundancy in submissions, contact the Books editor and ask about if the book you'd like to review is acceptable.

In the News. The general news media is scanned for topics of interest to readers and provided as a short description with links. If you have recently been in the news or found an item of interest, please contact the In the News editor.


Membership in HFES is not required to submit an article. All submissions to Ergonomics in Design undergo single-blind peer review (reviewers are anonymous to the author). However, if you prefer that your identity be concealed from the reviewers, please follow these instructions:

  • Do not put any author information on the cover sheet of your manuscript. This page is visible to the reviewers.
  • Once the manuscript has been fully accepted for publication, you will be prompted to send in author biographical information.
  • When submitting a revised manuscript and providing responses to the reviewers' comments, do not include any identifying information.

The information in the cover letter will identify you to the editor, but any identification in the three areas noted above will eliminate the possibility of a double-blind review.

Please allow 6-8 weeks from submission to first decision. The editor considers the articles available, along with issue length constraints, subject matter coverage, and overall quality, to determine which articles will be selected for publication. Commercial promotion (marketing) of a product, service, or organization - as determined by HFES, the editor, or the reviewers - may result in rejection of the article. EID will not consider articles that have been published elsewhere.


Original Work. Only papers that have not been published elsewhere in the open literature - whether in print, electronic, or other medium - in the same form, in any language, may be submitted. Revised papers printed in technical meetings proceedings may be submitted for consideration.

All submissions should comply with HFES publication policies.

Sample Articles. HFES recommends that prospective authors read sample articles in preparation for making their submissions. A link to available articles from previous issues may be found at the Ergonomics in Design Web site.

Tone and Style. Articles submitted to Ergonomics in Design should be written in a less formal style than that used for a research journal. However, we look for good structure, logic, flow and effective communication. Contrary to a research journal, use the first person, and avoid the passive voice. (The HFES Communications Department staff can assist you in presenting your ideas clearly once the article is accepted and enters production.) Please avoid excessive use of jargon or abbreviations and define technical terms fully since professionals of varied educational and scientific backgrounds will be reading it. References or resource lists are important but please limit the list to major works that are needed to support points in the text. All units are to be in United States Customary Units with Metric Units in parentheses.

Inquiries and Ideas. If you don't have time to prepare a full article but believe you have the basis for an interesting submission, please provide the appropriate editor with an outline including an introductory paragraph describing the subject and purpose of the proposed article. The editorial staff may be able to locate resources to assist in the writing process and explore ways to develop your ideas.

Length. Feature articles should be 1,500-3,000 words in length (about 6-14 double-spaced typed pages). Shorter articles should not exceed 1,500 words.

Units of Measure. Use International System of Units (SI) AND United States Customary Units in parentheses.

Artwork. We encourage you to include illustrative materials to support major points in the text, such as photos, line drawings, graphs, charts, and tables. These materials (except tables, which we will typeset) should be professionally prepared and submitted electronically as high-resolution (e.g. minimum x MB file or minimum x pixels resolution or minimum 300 dpi) files. Acceptable file formats are .jpg, .tif, and .bmp. Images that are inserted into Word files are generally too low in resolution for reproduction. We do not accept images created in or imported into PowerPoint (resolution is far too low). If you need assistance for generating better graphics, our HFES staff can arrange for that service for a fee.

All Figure Guidelines that need to be followed are available on the SAGE Figure Guidelines page. In addition, please include redundant coding on graphs, for example, color and texture (or symbols) or shades and texture for clarity.

Permissions. If your article incorporates lengthy quotations, photographs, illustrations, or other substantive content from previously published work, you will need to (a) send us a copy of the publisher's and/or author's written permission when you submit your article and (b) include an acknowledgment or credit in the appropriate place in the article. Authors are responsible for paying any permission fees required by the copyright owner.

Multiple Submissions. Ergonomics in Design does not consider articles that have been simultaneously submitted for publication elsewhere because of the risk of duplicate publication and copyright infringements.


Prepare your article in double-spaced type, including block quotations and references, on one side of 8-1/2 x 11" or European A4 paper. Allow a one-inch margin at top, bottom, left, and right. Do not use footnotes.

Subheadings. We encourage the use of subheads in the text. Rather than the "introduction-method-results" types of heading found in journals, use brief, descriptive phrases that draw the reader's attention. Do not use more than two levels of headings.

Feature at a Glance (abstract). As part of your submission, please include a 100-word abstract written in very simple terms (high school level), describing (a) the main topic of the article, (b) one or two key points made in the article, and (c) implications for practice and design. Avoid technical terms and abbreviations/acronyms.

Keywords. Please provide up to six words or phrases that do not already appear in the title or subtitle of the article.

Standards Identification Sidebar. EID encourages all authors to include a sidebar in their manuscript listing out standards that are related to the content of their paper. All key-related standards can be included and listed out by the standard number and title.


Please include a short biography (75 words maximum, not counting funding acknowledgments or disclaimers) for each coauthor of the submitted article. Each bio must contain the author's full name and current affiliation and a contact e-mail address should authors wish to be reached by readers. Optional information may include highest degree (field, institution, year), primary certification, and interest areas.


All submissions should be uploaded to the Ergonomics in Design Manuscripts site.


Upon final acceptance, authors may choose open access (OA) publication of their work by paying a fee of $1,500. OA papers are made available free of charge as soon as they are published online. If you work is accepted and you wish to opt for OA publication through SAGE Choice, please contact HFES Senior Production Editor Steve Stafford, 310/394-1811.


Ergonomics in Design
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
P.O. Box 1369
Santa Monica, CA 90406-1369 USA

Overnight shipments (UPS, Airborne Express, DHL, Federal Express, etc.) should be addressed as follows:

Ergonomics in Design
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
1124 Montana Ave., Suite B
Santa Monica, CA 90403 USA

To obtain further information or to discuss a potential submission, contact the editor of Ergonomics in Design, Stephen B. Wilcox, PhD, (, or Communications Director Lois Smith (310/394-1811, fax 310/394-2410, Sample issues are available on request.

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